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Goals against 12. The country also has a national football team, which is governed by the Central African Football Federation, and stages matches at the Barthélemy Boganda Stadium. [89], According to Overseas Development Institute research, during the crisis ongoing since 2012, religious leaders have mediated between communities and armed groups; they also provided refuge for people seeking shelter. Much of the country consists of flat or rolling plateau savanna approximately 500 metres (1,640 ft) above sea level. [131] The U.S. State Department alleged that major human rights abuses such as extrajudicial executions by security forces, torture, beatings and rape of suspects and prisoners occurred with impunity. [48], In the aftermath of the failed coup, militias loyal to Patassé sought revenge against rebels in many neighborhoods of Bangui and incited unrest including the murder of many political opponents. The humanitarian situation in the Central African Republic is extremely critical. Central African Republic. International Religious Freedom Report 2006", Central African Republic: addressing the protection crisis, See list of official languages by state on Wikipedia, Country Profile – Central African Republic-Sports and Activities, "Central African Republic - TheSportsDB.com", "Rebels in the Central African Republic are filling the void of an absent government", "Gems, Warlords and Mercenaries: Russia's Playbook in Central African Republic", "Stuck in the 'recovery gap': the role of humanitarian aid in the Central African Republic", "Central African Republic | ForeignAssistance.gov", CAR: Food shortages increase as fighting intensifies in the northwest, "Central African Republic Executive Summary 2006", Central African Republic Peacebuilding Fund – Overview, "Peacebuilding Commission Places Central African Republic on Agenda; Ambassador Tells Body 'CAR Will Always Walk Side By Side With You, Welcome Your Advice, "Chapter XXVI: Disarmament – No. [49], François Bozizé suspended the constitution and named a new cabinet, which included most opposition parties. Malaria remains the top reason for medical consultations among the general population (42.3 %) and among internally displaced people it accounts for 47.1 % of consultations. [47], On 28 May 2001, rebels stormed strategic buildings in Bangui in an unsuccessful coup attempt. Approximately 10,000 years ago, desertification forced hunter-gatherer societies south into the Sahel regions of northern Central Africa, where some groups settled. The Central African Republic is roughly the size of France and is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan and South Sudan to the north and east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) and the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) to the south, and Cameroon to the west. [111][112], River ferries sail from the river port at Bangui to Brazzaville and Zongo. • Sango (Sangho) (Central African Republic; Chad; Rep. of Congo ) • Sara: Sara Ngama dialect ( Central African Republic; Chad ) • Sara: Sara-Majingai (Madingaye) dialect ( Central African Republic; It is bordered by Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Republic of the Congo. Most of the northern half lies within the World Wildlife Fund's East Sudanian savanna ecoregion. Several groups continued to fight but other groups signed on to the agreement, or similar agreements with the government (e.g. 2019 Rank 153 /180. Maximum annual precipitation is approximately 1,800 millimetres (71 in) in the upper Ubangi region. Capacity building through 2 training sessions related to weapons and ammunition management (WAM) for 10 members of the national defence and security forces. Overland, Indra; Bazilian, Morgan; Ilimbek Uulu, Talgat; Vakulchuk, Roman; Westphal, Kirsten (2019). The mandate maintains the authorization for the presence of 11,650 troops and 2,080 police in Central African Republic in order to protect civilians and foster stability. CAR is one of the few African countries to have an African language as their official language.[91]. Dacko, in turn, was again overthrown in a coup by General André Kolingba on 1 September 1981. Diamonds constitute the country's most important export, accounting for 40–55% of export revenues, but it is estimated that between 30% and 50% of those produced each year leave the country clandestinely. [12], In November 2012, Séléka, a coalition of rebel groups, took over towns in the northern and central regions of the country. [37], In the Ubangi-Shari Territorial Assembly election in 1957, MESAN captured 347,000 out of the total 356,000 votes[38] and won every legislative seat,[39] which led to Boganda being elected president of the Grand Council of French Equatorial Africa and vice-president of the Ubangi-Shari Government Council. The country has around 641,000 internally displaced people, while another 619,000 have sought refuge in neighboring countries. The Bangui Agreements, signed in January 1997, provided for the deployment of an inter-African military mission, to Central African Republic and re-entry of ex-mutineers into the government on 7 April 1997. Their captives were enslaved and shipped to the Mediterranean coast, Europe, Arabia, the Western Hemisphere, or to the slave ports and factories along the West and North Africa or South along the Ubanqui and Congo rivers. For more information and resources on our anti-corruption corruption work, please visit the End Corruption and Library sections. In particular, the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme where especially the work of the CAR Monitoring Team is applauded. [51] In November 2006, Bozizé's government requested French military support to help them repel rebels who had taken control of towns in the country's northern regions. The survival of 1.9 million people in the Central African Republic is at risk. [114], The Central African Republic primarily uses hydroelectricity as there are few other resources for energy and power. Between 1890, a year after the French first arrived, and 1940, the population declined by half due to diseases, famine and exploitation by private companies. [121], The largest hospitals in the country are located in the Bangui district. [42] Dacko threw out his political rivals, including Abel Goumba, former Prime Minister and leader of Mouvement d'évolution démocratique de l'Afrique centrale (MEDAC), whom he forced into exile in France. The country is noted for its population of forest elephants and western lowland gorillas. The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; French: République centrafricaine pronounced [ʁepyblik sɑ̃tʁafʁikɛn], or Centrafrique [sɑ̃tʁafʁik]) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.It is bordered by Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo and Cameroon. In the northwest is the Yade Massif, a granite plateau with an altitude of 348 metres (1,143 ft). By Abdur Rahman Alfa Shaban. It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west. Analysis - In the Central African Republic, the smooth conduct of the December 2020 elections will be essential for the country's stability. [107], The per capita income of the Republic is often listed as being approximately $400 a year, one of the lowest in the world, but this figure is based mostly on reported sales of exports and largely ignores the unregistered sale of foods, locally produced alcoholic beverages, diamonds, ivory, bushmeat, and traditional medicine. [110], Bangui is the transport hub of the Central African Republic. A new constitution was approved on 28 December 1994 but had little impact on the country's politics. [92][93] Its national team won the African Championship twice and was the first Sub-Saharan African team to qualify for the Basketball World Cup, in 1974. A language profile for Mbati. Coordinates: 7°N 21°E / 7°N 21°E / 7; 21, The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; French: République centrafricaine (RCA)[9]  pronounced [ʁepyblik sɑ̃tʁafʁikɛn], or Centrafrique [sɑ̃tʁafʁik]) is a landlocked country in Central Africa. Starting with a successful democratic transition in 2016, the signing of a Peace agreement in February 2019 between the Government and 14 armed groups offers positive prospects for re-establishing State control and addressing the needs of the population. He introduced a new constitution in 1986 which was adopted by a nationwide referendum. Central Africa, region of Africa that straddles the Equator and is drained largely by the Congo River system. Tensions are building ahead of presidential and legislative elections this month in Central African Republic, amid friction between rival candidates and increasing violence by armed groups that still control much of the country despite a peace agreement signed almost two years ago.. [90], The Central African Republic's two official languages are French and Sango (also spelled Sangho), a creole developed as an inter-ethnic lingua franca based on the local Ngbandi language. Our Work In: We don’t currently have a national chapter in your country. [130], The 2009 Human Rights Report by the United States Department of State noted that human rights in CAR were poor and expressed concerns over numerous government abuses. [12], The CAR is a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA). In the north, the Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park is well-populated with wildlife, including leopards, lions, cheetahs and rhinos, and the Bamingui-Bangoran National Park is located in the northeast of CAR. [27] In 1875, the Sudanese sultan Rabih az-Zubayr governed Upper-Oubangui, which included present-day CAR. [50], In 2004, the Central African Republic Bush War began, as forces opposed to Bozizé took up arms against his government. Over the past two years, the U.S. has provided over $300 million of humanitarian, development, and security assistance in support of the C.A.R. [86] Indigenous belief (animism) is also practiced, and many indigenous beliefs are incorporated into Christian and Islamic practice. The Central African Republic’s economic freedom score is 50.7, making its economy the 159th freest in the 2020 Index. [120] Image: Renaissance.cf/Facebook. The country is located Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo. [131] A report by the International Research & Exchanges Board's media sustainability index noted that "the country minimally met objectives, with segments of the legal system and government opposed to a free media system".[131]. The country also had to deal with violence from outside actors: the LRA, a Ugandan rebel group that had been active in the Central African Republic for several years, continued to abduct and kill civilians. 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