Genetic diversity: It refers to the variation in gene within a species. By establishing gene banks, where sperm, ova, and seeds are stored at controlled temperatures and humidity. It can positively affect ecological productivity and maintains a balance among all living beings. Some regions have many species. When she is not writing, she loves watching sci-fi movies on Netflix. Biodiversity is the name given to the variety of ecosystems (natural capital), species and genes in the world or in a particular habitat. They all represent threats to biodiversity and are not without risk to human health! B) the sum of all plants and animals on the planet. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Test. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. In fact, “biodiversity” is nowused sometimes to mean “life” or “wilderness” or other conservationvalues. Fungi decompose organisms to obtain energy and in the process recycle nutrients back into the soil. Ex-situ conservation utilizes a wide range of techniques and facilities and it can be accomplished in the following ways: Ex-situ conservation is an excellent way of averting the stresses on living organisms as a result of competition for resources such as food, water, and space. The factors that endanger the existence of species in the environment are eliminated by an appropriate mechanism. 9 times. Browse. Levels of BiodiversityBiodiversity is the variety of all species, their genetic information they contain and the ecosystems they form.There are three levels of biodiversity:• Genetic diversity is the total genetic informationcontained in the genes of all the species. There are two types of biodiversity conservation methods: In situ conservation refers to the conservation of species in their natural ecosystem or natural habitat. Pollutants can actually enter our food chain. These species will also look more similar. Western gray squirrels, which inhabit the west side of the Rocky Mountains, have more similarities than differences with the eastern gray squirrels. Which of the following best describes biodiversity? Log in Sign up. It involves the complex network of various species present in the ecosystems and the dynamic interactions between them. Sound Energy: Definition, Examples and Facts, Global Warming is a Real Issue – Reducing Your Carbon Footprint, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/conservation, Why Do White Rabbits Have Red Eyes? Threats To Biodiversity: Biodiversity, which literally means “the diversity of life“, refers to the variety of life forms on Earth.This diversity includes all the variations that exist in all levels of biological organization.. Privacy Policy3. MICROBIAL BIODIVERSITY The health of all living things — of the soil, the microbiome of animals, the leaves of trees — is indicated by and depends on its microbial composition. This layer of living organismsthe biospherethrough the collective metabolic activities of its innumerable plants, animals, and microbes physically and chemi… It includes the organisation of organisms at many levels ranging from complete ecosystems to the chemical components that form the molecular basis of heredity. 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